Polls are conducted by a campaign as the race begins to provide a basis for comparison

Test 3 Gov't Flashcards Quizle

_____ polls are conducted by a campaign as the race begins, and these provide a basis for comparison. Benchmark Political _____ are individuals who control significant wealth, status, power, or visibility and consequently have significant influence over public debate Poll numbers provide fodder for media coverage and election predictions, they shape candidate and voter behavior, and they are the basis of interpreting the meaning of election outcomes. Public Opinion Quarterly was founded in January 1937 on the heels of the advent of modern scientific polling in U.S. presidential elections

Evolution of Election Polling in the United States

  1. g An earlier version of this paper was presented at the Gallup Symposium on the Science of Pre-Election Polling, Washington, D.C., May, 2002
  2. The notion that pre-election polls fielded closer to Election Day tend to be more predictive of the election outcome than equally rigorous polls conducted farther out is not only intuitive, it has also been well documented for some time (e.g., Crespi 1988; Traugott 2001)
  3. Polls account for and are a reasonable reflection of the oft-cited fundamentals in the race for the White House, as well as of campaign effects and other events. Furthermore, the GWPA treats all polling data as good polling data; that is, good in the sense that each new survey provides an update on the actual state of the general election.
  4. The Horse Race: What Polls Reveal as the Election Campaign Unfolds Wlezien, By relying on data from different houses, there is a basis for comparison, one that we can explicitly take into account in our analyses. It also gives us more poll readings and larger daily samples. Coincidentally, the median poll was conducted by ABC/Washington.
  5. Early presidential elections, conducted along the lines of the original process outlined in the Constitution, proved unsatisfactory. So long as George Washington was a candidate, his election was a foregone conclusion. But it took some manipulation of the votes of electors to ensure that the second-place winner (and thus the vice president) did.

We begin with a discussion of the dependent variable in the study, i.e. constituency-level turnout. 1 UK-wide turnout at the election to the House of Commons was 65 per cent in 2010, but just like campaign effort, it varied greatly across different constituencies. The electoral system used for general elections in Britain accentuates the role of the local level in relation to both the. According to the latest Gallup poll, conducted June 6-7, 2000, Republican George W. Bush leads Democrat Al Gore 48% to 44% among likely voters. Bush has led throughout the year, by between one and nine percentage points, and since February he has averaged a 6-point lead Gallup's previous general election trial heat, from a national poll conducted March 25-26, showed Obama with a slight 49% to 45% lead over Romney. Gallup began tracking the general election on Wednesday, April 11, after Rick Santorum suspended his campaign for the Republican nomination, making Romney the all-but-assured GOP nominee Media reports of polls indicate how well public opinion polls have been integrated into campaign coverage. This article examines how polls were used in 2004. Although there were relatively limited methodological changes in how polls were conducted in 2004, there were changes in how the polls were treated in the media About three hours before the North Carolina rally was set to begin, the president's campaign put out a statement saying that because of a wind advisory issued with gusts reaching 50 miles per.

(PDF) The horse race: What polls reveal as the election

  1. A poll conducted just after the election was called uncovered a number of similarities and differences between the political context in 2011 and 2014. Consistent with 2011, Horwath endured as the most popular leader, with an approval rating of −5
  2. The 2008 United States presidential election was the 56th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 4, 2008.The Democratic ticket of Barack Obama, the junior U.S. Senator from Illinois, and Joe Biden, the senior U.S. Senator from Delaware, defeated the Republican ticket of John McCain, the senior Senator from Arizona, and Sarah Palin, the Governor of Alaska
  3. The election was expected to be a reasonably safe re-election of the Democratic incumbents. 9 The campaign by the Democratic incumbents (there were two incumbents since New Jersey has double member assembly districts, and the incumbents conducted a joint campaign) was a series of six mailings. The targeting scheme used by the campaign was.
  4. ation for President of the United States.Initial opinion polls during the first three quarters of 2007 showed Paul consistently receiving support from 3% or less of those polled. In 2008, Paul's support among Republican voters remained in the single.

An Evaluation of 2016 Election Polls in the U

Jon Ossoff (D) defeated David Perdue (R) in the runoff election to represent Georgia in the U.S. Senate on January 5, 2021.. With Ossoff's win in the regular runoff election and Raphael Warnock's win in the special runoff election, Democrats won control of the U.S. Senate.Prior to the runoffs, Republicans had secured 50 seats and Democrats had secured 48 seats (including among them two seats. It's not a valid comparison. Interviews conducted by telephone prior to an election are much different than talking to a person who has just voted for a candidate. In a telephone interview several months or several weeks before an election, a person might provide a different answer than the one they give after emerging from a voting booth prediction markets vs polls - an examination of accuracy for the 2008 and 2012 elections By Sveinung Arnesen and Ole Bergfjord Assessing the 2016 U.S. Presidential Election Popular Vote Forecast

Today, most of the delegates to the national conventions are selected in presidential primaries, in which voters in a state go to the polls and vote for a candidate or for delegates pledged to a candidate. The primary season begins in the winter in New Hampshire. At this early stage, the campaign is not for delegates but for images While the precinct-level election data cannot provide these baselines directly, we can approximate what they likely were using previous election results and polling data. The California Field Poll, taken between January 13th and January 20th, found Edwards receiving about 10 percent support on the Democratic side, and Giuliani and Thompson. The newest national poll conducted by Public Policy Polling finds that onetime ticket-mates Romney and Ryan wouldn't neautralize the Republican party's forthcoming general election crisis.

Polls taken in the last few months of the presidential campaign and exit polls conducted on Election Day showed the economy as the top concern for voters. [86] [87] In the fall of 2008, many news sources were reporting that the economy was suffering its most serious downturn since the Great Depression . [88 There were 28 states that were exit polled by Edison research and analyzed by Soares for the 2016 general election. Of those, there were 12 statistically significant red shifts (MO, NJ, UT, ME, OH, SC, NC, IA, PA, NH, WI, IN) and one statistically significant blue shift (NY). There were 4 or 5 states that Trump won despite exit polls that. Furthermore, they provide no basis for deploying resources as dictated by the complexities of the US electoral system. One recent strategy (Soumbatiants, Chappell, and Johnson, 2006, Using state polls to forecast U.S. presidential election outcomes, Public Choice, vol. 127, pp. 207-223) has used state poll information Most live interview, telephone polls end on the Thursday before the election, meaning that they might well miss the late breaks in a campaign. The second major argument for auto-dialed polls is that by eliminating the middle man (in the person of the human interviewer), the margin for so-called measurement error is reduced (Editor's note: The following timeline, originally published on Sept. 24, 2019, was updated most recently on Jan. 31, 2020.Updates continue.) A months-long campaign by President Donald Trump and his personal lawyer Rudy Giuliani to pressure the Ukraine government to investigate former Vice President Joe Biden, Trump's potential rival in the 2020 election, has gripped the nation's capital

Republican Ted Cruz leads Democrat Beto O'Rourke 41 percent to 36 percent in the general election race for a Texas seat in the U.S. Senate, according to the latest University of Texas/Texas Tribune Poll. Neal Dikeman, the Libertarian Party nominee for U.S. Senate, garnered 2 percent, according to the survey Looking For Great Deals On Voting Polls? From Everything To The Very Thing. All On eBay. Get Voting Polls With Fast And Free Shipping For Many Items On eBay The 1999 Combined Federal Campaign currently consisted of 387 regional campaigns and the 1998 campaign receipts were $206.4 million. The CFC Today - A Time for Transformation The CFC today is known to be the most inclusive workplace giving campaign in the world with the number of participating charities estimated at over 20,000 nonprofit.

While the pace of social media engagement after the campaign diminished in comparison to that of the campaign period, it remained much higher than that of the period before the campaign. In other words, El Bronco's page became a sustainable mode of public conversation as users continued to post, comment, and reply with much more frequency. Begin interviewing earlier than one year after the injury (optimally at 3-6 months). This approach could help decrease loss to follow-up because the family is less likely to have moved from the address found in the medical record. This approach would also provide useful information about patterns of early recovery Post-Election Day Cases. Friday, July 2. Georgia Ballot Inspection & Records Request. Favorito v. Cooney, No. 2020CV343938 (Ga. Super.Ct., Fulton Cnty.) On 12/23, individual voters and poll workers sued the members of the Fulton County Board of Elections and its director, challenging defendants' failure to provide requested absentee ballots and voting records and alleging fraud and. The poll was also conducted during the controversy caused by Catherine Noone, the Fine Gael senator and election candidate, who The Times reported this week had described the taoiseach as autistic. Ms Noone has since apologised. Panelbase has conducted regular polls for The Sunday Times in the UK for a decade. This is its first in Ireland. The National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) is an independent federal agency that enforces the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA). The NLRA is a federal law that provides employees with the right to form or join unions; engage in protected, concerted activities to address or improve working conditions; and/or the right to refrain from engaging in these activities

A simple approach to projecting the electoral college

Polls are a snap to report and provide a constant source of fresh material. Their influence on election news goes beyond the stories that describe the latest poll results. Poll results increasingly frame the content of other stories, as journalists use them to explain shifts in candidate strategy or the impact of the latest development The results of a scientific survey conducted just after the 2020 presidential election show that voters from across the political spectrum have failed to heed that warning. The survey, commissioned by Just Facts , reveals that the vast bulk of voters have embraced false and harmful dogmas that accord with their political views Incumbent Elissa Slotkin (D) defeated Paul Junge (R) and Joe Hartman (L) in the November 3, 2020, general election to represent Michigan's 8th Congressional District.The Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee (DCCC) and the National Republican Congressional Committee (NRCC) both added this race to their election target lists.. Slotkin was first elected in 2018 after defeating incumbent. According to Williams, Shapiro and Cutbirth (1991), the media often convey issues relevant to a campaign, but do not provide an implicit campaign frame. Their study looked to answer the following question: If the logic of framing pertains to the agenda-setting process, then the media should have the most impact on the perceived importance of.

Over the past twenty years, the number of Americans in the tails of this ideological distribution has doubled from 10% to 21%. Meanwhile, the center has shrunk: 39% currently take a roughly equal number of liberal and conservative positions. That is down from about half (49%) of the public in surveys conducted in 1994 and 2004 Jeremy Corbyn's election as Leader of the Labour Party in 2015 stunned observers and practitioners of British politics alike. In this article, we first outline a theoretical framework that purports to explain why political parties operating in parliamentary systems choose the leaders they do. We then examine 32 leadership successions involving five major British parties since 1963, and note. Cross Pixel harvests user activity from over 5,400 data sources. Our tag is embedded on the publisher's site and/or in their mobile app, which allows us to harvest users from key sections of the page (URL, meta tags, title and body selections). We're also able to identify search queries conducted on the major search engines via referring URLs In the poll which followed the debate, the data showed that Burdick would have won the election had it been held the next day. The point spread on the poll following the debate (59-32) was virtually identical to the final outcome of the election (N.D. official results released, The Forum, November 25, 1988, p. A 13) So far the comparison of the two values - current polling vs. projection of voting behavior based on socio-economic analysis - has been a very good predictor of where and how the polls will move. The 538 regression is a very interesting interactive recipie for predicting voter preferences using a wide rage of demographic factors

EKOS has a tendency to have high results for both the Greens and others, which drags the support of the three main parties down. In their last three polls, the combined support for the Conservatives, NDP, and Liberals averaged 81.4%, compared to an average of 88% in the polls conducted by other firms over that time Yang polls at 3 percent, which pales in comparison with the front-runner Biden's 29 percent. In such a crowded field, however, Yang polls ahead of New Jersey Senator Cory Booker, Texas wunderkind Beto O'Rourke, and Barack Obama's former secretary of housing and urban development, Julián Castro

The Horse Race: What Polls Reveal as the Election Campaign

How the Romney Campaign Blew it How the Romney Campaign Blew it Mayer, William G. 2013-02-09 00:00:00 Political scientists have generally been skeptical that presidential campaigns have a significant effect on the final outcome of a presidential election. But 2012, this article argues, was an exception. By all the indicators that political scientists traditionally look to, 2012 had long shaped. Colorado (R): The last two polls conducted in the race -- one by a Democratic firm, the other by a Republican outfit -- have Rep. Mark Udall (D) ahead of former Rep. Bob Schaffer (R) by 11 points and one point. Average them out and you get a six-point edge for Udall, which seems about right

The Presidential Election Process American Governmen

Electoral Systems. The choice of Electoral System is one of the most important institutional decisions for any democracy. The choice of a particular electoral system has a profound effect on the future political life of the country concerned, and electoral systems, once chosen, often remain fairly constant as political interests solidify around and respond to the incentives presented by them Using the national election exit polls conducted by news organizations, figure 1.3 shows that the relative sizes of the three ideological groups remained fairly similar from 1976 through 2004. On average, nearly half of white voters classified themselves as moderates, about one-third thought of themselves as conservatives, and fewer than one.

Information effect on voter turnout: How campaign spending

The theory of celebrity and mixed race looks at the key perceptions and ideologies surrounding mixed-race celebrities in a popular culture context. This section aims to provide information into the representations of mixed-culture celebrities in the media. Chapter two focuses on key theorists' opinions of Obama and his campaign Researchers: No basis to compare infections at protests, synagogues. Researchers at Technion are disputing the comparison drawn between COVID-19's spread at demonstrations and at Yom Kippur prayers By Marwan Bishara. 2016-11-09T21:31:25-05:00 November 9, 2016. 9:31 PM ET. Just when the people of the Middle East thought things couldn't get any worse, Donald J. Trump is elected president of. Trump Time Capsule #149: 'Cancel the Election' John Kerry, with Bruce Springsteen at a campaign event in Ohio 12 years ago today. This was a few days before Kerry narrowly lost Ohio and thus.

The 2000 Presidential Election -- A Mid-Year Gallup Repor

  1. The chair recognized Ms. Marendt who advised the Commission that the Election Division has chosen a date for the annual training conference. She stated that according to the responses received form a poll conducted of the circuit court clerks, the Election Division chose January 9, 2001 as the date for the conference
  2. Pew polls show us that 63 percent of Republican Millennial voters favor marijuana legalization, and 58 percent support same-sex marriage. In fact, Millennials as a whole have seen a major increase in support for marijuana legalization. Over the last decade, their support for legalization has nearly doubled, from 34 percent to 69 percent
  3. Publicly, the campaign is maintaining they are still a contender in this race, touting a Sunday win in Puerto Rico's primary that delivered Rubio 23 delegates. But privately, the campaign is having a debate about whether he should remain in the mix — even for his home state of Florida's primary
  4. In each experimental media market, the launch date and volume of television advertising were randomly assigned. In order to gauge movement in public opinion, a tracking poll conducted brief telephone interviews with approximately 1,000 registered voters each day and a brief follow-up one month after the conclusion of the television campaign
  5. ation when they provide the address of a shelter or do not have an address to provide on applications. Advocates should seek to protect homeless job applicants by encouraging businesses, nonprofits, and government agencies to provide.
  6. Sen. Elizabeth Warren's campaign manager, Roger Lau, emailed a memo to supporters ahead of the polls closing in New Hampshire to give an update on what's next for the campaign. He emphasizes that the campaign is poised to organize and get out the vote in all 57 states and territories, a point Warren herself has stressed on the trail.

Romney, Obama in Tight Race as Gallup Daily Tracking Begin

  1. Nearly 67 percent of Grove City College students are supporting Republican Donald Trump in this year's presidential race, according to a poll conducted by The Collegian. The survey also showed.
  2. The FISA warrant was allegedly obtained, in part, because of a speech that Page delivered in Russia on July 7, 2016, that was mildly critical of U.S. foreign policy toward the countries of the.
  3. To provide further control over an experimental evaluation, comparing awareness of the educational campaign to awareness of a bogus campaign is useful. Depending on how the campaign is rolled out, it may be possible to compare awareness of the campaign in areas that had a high level vs. a lower level of campaign activity
  4. White House. Before Trump's inauguration, a warning: 'The worst influenza pandemic since 1918' In a tabletop exercise days before an untested new president took power, officials briefed the.
  5. The Origins of the Ukraine Conspiracy. Manafort began floating the false theory during the 2016 campaign that Ukraine, not Russia, was responsible for the hack of the DNC server, according to interviews conducted by Mueller's team with Rick Gates, Trump's former deputy campaign chairman. (The US intelligence community unanimously attributed.
  6. A poll by Pew Research Center a week later (conducted after Obama's strong performance on economic issues in the presidential debate) showed 46% of respondents thought Obama would be better at dealing with the financial crisis compared to 33% who chose McCain
  7. See also: Donald Trump achievements: 2016 election and transition In the 2016 United States presidential election, Republican Donald J. Trump defeated Democrat Hillary Clinton.The election was held on November 8, 2016. Trump was inaugurated as the forty-fifth president on January 20. Indiana Governor Mike Pence, Trump's running mate, was inaugurated as vice president at the same time

The polls conducted by main stream media are of usually less than a 1000 people and are of voters who already voted in the last primary and Ron Paul's audience is mainly of new Republican voters. The polls conducted online have a majority win for Ron Paul. He has the most meet-up groups The poll numbers barely have shifted, with Conservative and Labour both polling around 40 percent of the vote since the June 2017 general election, and most opinion polls put Labour ahead

Reporting The Polls in 2004 Public Opinion Quarterly

Bernie Sanders pulled off a stunning upset, on a night when much else remained unchanged—with Donald Trump and Hillary Clinton both adding to their overall leads About six in 10 likely Texas voters believe public schools need more funding on top of what they received two years ago, and they say the federal stimulus funding allocated to Texas is the best way to provide that, according to a poll commissioned by the Texas State Teachers Association The Use and Abuse of Global Warming: The Threat to Free Government. Download Paper. Steven F. Hayward, American Enterprise Institute. This paper argues two propositions in support of a larger theme: First, even if the conventional alarmist version of extreme global warming turns out to be correct—the reasons to be skeptical of climate.

Trump Tires of Economic Message and Returns to Attacks

Video: Research Note: Negative Personalization: Party Leaders

2008 United States presidential election - Wikipedi

Partisan mail and voter turnout: results from randomized

Ron Paul 2008 presidential campaign - Wikipedi

United States Senate election in Georgia, 2020 (Perdue vs

The first 2020 Granite State poll, conducted by the University of New Hampshire's survey center, finds that 31 percent of the state's Democrats would back Sanders if the first presidential. The Battle over Jewishness and Zionism in a Post-Modern Era Israel at the Polls 1996, Introduction Daniel J. Elazar and Shmuel Sandler. On the 11th of Sivan, 5756, May 29, 1996, Israelis went to the polls for the fourteenth Knesset elections since 1949 and the first direct election of the head of government June 14, 2021. By Dr. Miklos K. Radvanyi • Frontiers of Freedom. The mythological allegory of Pandora, the Greek equivalent of the Biblical Eve, the first woman on Earth, was created by Zeus as a new punishment for mankind, because of Prometheus's theft of the fire from Heaven

Just before we begin, the Division of Elections has been directed to put this on the, most likely, general election ballot, 55. We're now on 56 through 60. This is, again, filling a vacancy in the state Senate and would provide for a special primary conducted as an open primary followed by a special election, as we discussed before The Pew poll here confirms the data I extrapolated from the ABC-Washington Post poll of about a week ago. In that poll, about 38% of the people were white evangelicals, Protestants; among them, Huckabee was getting 44% of the vote. Among the 62% of likely caucus goers who were not white evangelical Protestants, Huckabee was getting 12% of the vote Evaluation Planning and Tools for Front of Package Nutrition LabelingFinal Report September 2012 By Andrea S. Anater Kelly Wohlgenant Sheryl Cates James Hersey Mary K. Muth, Dan Zaccaro, Chen Zhen RTI International Prepared for: Kathleen Koehler Office of Science and Data Policy Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE) Department of Health and Human Services Abstrac

Hidden Hand Interview. The unusual interview below is with an individual claiming to be a member of one of the ruling bloodlines on Earth who goes by the name Hidden Hand. Though some pretty useless information is given, the interview also gives a powerful, transformative perpective of what is happening in the big picture on our planet Tuesday, July 9, 2019. Amy McGrath, a retired U.S. Marine Corps officer who was the first female pilot to fly a combat mission in the history of the Marines, is now running as a Democratic candidate for the U.S. Senate seat in Kentucky that is currently held by Republican Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell

Wyoming's judicial evaluation poll does provide voters with some information about judges standing for retention. The results of the poll are distributed to the general Wyoming media and published in their entirety in the Wyoming Lawyer. (128) The judicial evaluation poll, however, suffers from some shortcomings which undermine its validity This positioning cannot be done effectively without an opinion poll, called a kickoff poll, at the beginning of the campaign. This survey discovers the specific situation of voters, serves as a basis for designing the most achievable actions, strategies, and goals, and helps to better conceive the content of the message and its transmission. Thus, even today no one can give a 100% guarantee that the elections will be conducted lawfully and without violations of voters' rights. To counteract possible election fraud Yabloko has established a special commission to provide legal supervision of the election campaign process and to prevent violations of voters' rights Santorum did not have several million dollars in attack ads dumped on him in Iowa, or $15 million in Florida. Santorum has not had the pro-Romney media seek to distort his history the way they lied about Newt's Reagan history, or have the Romney campaign dredge up everyone who ever had a gripe with him.. When Romney ran a small ad buy of attack ads against Santorum in South Carolina. A new Gallup poll shows that, for the first time in their poling history, Americans are more likely to be liberal than conservative. They can't win without cheating. And even then, they can't.

National Responses to Covid-19 in Southeast Asia Brunei: Brunei has successfully contained the spread of Covid-19 and has begun opening travel corridors with other countries in Southeast Asia. Schools and places of worship have been open since July, while businesses and restaurants have reopened gradually. Brunei's success can be attributed to its quick and drastic restrictions on travel. The 2020 Massachusetts Democratic Party presidential primary was held on March 3, 2020. Election results from the computerized vote counts differed significantly from the results projected by the exit poll conducted by Edison Research and published by CNN at poll's closing However, an election may be postponed if a party requests to block the petition based on charges alleging conduct that would interfere with employee free choice in the election, such as threatening loss of jobs or benefits by an employer or a union, granting promotions, pay raises, or other benefits to influence the vote Hong Kong By The Numbers (08/31/2007) (Ming Pao; Yahoo) CPPCC and DAB member Jasper Tsang wonders about the questions asked in the series of polls conducted by the Hong Kong University Public Opinion Programme about the political reform proposals. The phrasing of the questions has changed over time, and Jasper Tsang believes that they look like.

Analysis: Polling criticism unfounded - CNN Political

Daredevil is a Netflix original series adaptation of the long-running comic book series, and the first entry in the Marvel Cinematic Universe's The Defenders franchise, followed up by Jessica Jones, Luke Cage, Iron Fist and The Punisher.. The show follows Matt Murdock (Charlie Cox), a blind lawyer with heightened senses, as he works alongside his girlfriend Karen Page (Deborah Ann Woll) and. METROPOLITAN PARK DISTRICT OF TACOMA. 2021-2022 BIENNIUM. OPERATING & CAPITAL BUDGET Fiscal Years January 1, 2021-December 31, 2022. Oak Tree Par A Chicago Tribune poll conducted March 2-6 showed Clinton with a sizable lead, 67 percent to Sanders' 25 percent. But in the final days leading up to Tuesday, national polls showed the race tightening, and exit polls for major cable news and TV networks showed late-deciding voters in Illinois breaking for Sanders over Clinton John Conyers, the ranking Democrat on the House Judiciary Committee, demanded the raw exit-polling data from the 2004 election, saying that it will prove intentional voter disenfranchisement: Rep. John Conyers Jr. of Michigan said in a letter released Tuesday in Washington that the polling firms that conducted the polls on behalf of the news. Although the campaign had immediate backlash, such as the burning of Nike sneakers it had a favorable impact on sales—as Nike saw a 31% increase. Lebron James, Odell Beckham Jr., Shaquem Griffin, Lacey Baker, and Serena Williams are among others taking part in the campaign which encourages you to follow even the wildest of dreams

Are Political Markets Really Superior to Polls As Election

Traditionally, municipal offices, including mayor, council member, and municipal judge, were filled by nonpartisan election, conducted at the general election in November. The person receiving the highest number of votes won. A majority was not required. This situation began to change in 1973 Tuesday's election will probably be decided in 11 states where polls currently show the race too tight to predict a winner. And, assuming the other states go as predicted, a computer analysis finds no fewer than 33 combinations in which those 11 states could divide to produce a 269 to 269 electoral tie The election results have been affirmed by election officials, state governors, lower court judges and the Supreme Court. No significant malfeasance has taken place. Yet, in a desperate and undemocratic attempt to apparently stage a coup and reseat Trump, Sen. Josh Hawley will raise a complaint and force both houses of Congress to take a vote. This chapter examines the origins of asymmetry in the American public sphere by charting the rise of second-wave right-wing media. Taking a political economy approach, this chapter investigates how institutions, politics, culture, and technology combine to explain why Rush Limbaugh, televangelism, and Fox News were able to emerge as mass media when they did, rather than remaining, as first. Polls are back in the news, with the release of four public polls and an internal Gabriel Gomez campaign poll in the June 25 Massachusetts special Senate election to replace John Kerry. 3 of the 4 public polls show Ed Markey with a distinct but still surmountable lead, an average of 6 points; the fourth shows him up by 17 and looks like an outlier, adding 2.7 points by itself to Markey's lead.


The day before Election Day or even a few days left, according to opinion polls conducted inside the United States, if Trump concludes in the meantime that he will not win the US election, the possibility of a conflict between Iran and the United States will not be out of the question