Clovis Stone Tools. The stone-tool complex known today as Clovis dates to the terminal Pleistocene, from roughly 10,000 B.C. to 7800 years B.C., and represents the earliest Paleoindian culture in North and South America. Clovis artifacts appear suddenly and around the same time throughout much of the New World Paleoindian hand axes were one of the only tools generally with two sharpened edges, which we call bifaces in archeology. Perhaps the most distinctive stone tool, however, was the spear point. . Basic stone tools such as spears, chiseled knives and awls were all they needed to maintain their nomadic lifestyle. When the ice age ended, Archaic Indians developed more complex tools to hunt smaller game, catch fish and prepare edible plants to eat Clovis Paleoindian Tradition and Western Stemmed Tradition are types of lithic technologies which are classified by stone tools found in the Western United States (Andrefsky, 1994). A collection of Western Stemmed Tradition (WST) tools was found in a pit feature at the Cooper's Ferry archaeological site The Late Paleoindian tradition is found in the unglaciated regions of North America from the Pacific coast to the Atlantic coast and from the Arctic south into the tropical latitudes of Mesoamerica. It occurred from around 11,000 to 6000 BP, generally ending later in the more northern latitudes. This was a time of rapidly changing climate and.
Neandertals made elaborate stone tools, which were a crucial part of their survival. They served as instruments for hunting, stripping flesh from animals, processing materials, and creating fire. The tool technology more commonly associated with the Neandertals is called Mousterian and lasts from 300,000 years ago until around 27,000 years ago Paleoindian... UNM A-Z StudentInfo document late Pleistocene/early Holocene Mesoamerican stone tool tradition. the New World people adapted more generalized stone tools to exploit changing.
Oldowan and Acheulean Stone Tools. Oldowan ~2.5 to 1.2 million years ago. The Oldowan is the oldest-known stone tool industry. Dating as far back as 2.5 million years ago, these tools are a major milestone in human evolutionary history: the earliest evidence of cultural behavior. Homo habilis, an ancestor of Homo sapiens, manufactured Oldowan. J&J Hunt Site (8JE740) is an inundated prehistoric archaeological site located 6 km off the coast of northwestern Florida.The site which was discovered in 1989 is located in 3.7 to 4.6 m of salt water in the Gulf of Mexico along the PaleoAucilla River. In prehistory the site had at least two different occupations: a Late Paleoindian-Early Archaic and Middle Archaic Lanceolate Dalton points represent the earliest Early Archaic tradition of the region, dating from about 10,500 to perhaps 9,500 B.P. Chipped- stone adzes, specialized wood chopping tools, were an important new addition to the Dalton tool kit. Dalton points were roughly contemporary with certain Late Paleoindian point types such as Agate Basin.
Clovis Stone Tools Museum of Anthropolog
Homo heidelbergensis continued to make tools mostly in the Acheulian tradition. However, by 100,000 years ago or somewhat earlier, Neandertal and some other late archaic humans achieved a major leap forward in tool making with the development of the Mousterian t ool t radition (named for the site of le Moustier in France) First Inhabitants - The Paleoindian Tradition. Late in the Archaic, people in the Upper Midwest began using cold-hammered copper to make tools. People who used this copper are often referred to as part of the Old Copper Culture. Other Archaic innovations include ground stone tools (e.g., grooved mauls and axes), the domestication of the. The Archaic period in the Southwest begins with the end of the Paleoindian period and ends with the adoption of agriculture in the north and the advent of pottery in the south. Dates for the Archaic are variable, with the earliest dates around 8,500 B.C. and end dates as late as the first few centuries A.D. in some places
Paleo Indians: Culture, Artifacts & Tools Study
Paleoindian unifacial stone tools frequently exhibit distinct, sharp projections, known as spurs. During the last two decades, a theoretically and empirically informed interpretation-based on individual artifact analysis, use-wear, tool-production techniques, and studies of resharpening-suggested that spurs were sometimes created intentionally via retouch, and other times created.
Acheulean Stone Tools. The Acheulean is a technological tradition characterized by an incredibly long history in the human cultural record across unprecedented geographical spans. First described in the 19th century by Gabriel de Mortillet and named for the French town of Saint-Acheul, the Acheulean uniquely includes the first appearance of the.
The tools of the Late Paleoindian period did not follow the pattern of quartz use. It is not certain why quartz was not used in tool manufacturing as it was used in later periods for scrapers. The tool assemblage of Late Paleoindian sites included pointed scrapers, side scrapers (page 29), triangular end scrapers (page 29), square scrapers.
III. Paleo-Indian Traditions. The origins of Native Americans, has been riddled with controversy from the time of first European colonization and the idea that 'America' was a 'New World'. This is based upon the fact that Europeans were not aware of the Americas in the times of classical Greek and Roman worlds
id ancestors, developed in Africa by about 2.6 million years ago (mya) by our ho
What Tools Did the Archaic Indians Use That the Paleo
Paleoindian Tradition. Paleoindian Tradition The Paleoindian Tradition is associated with the time period before 6000 B.C. The first people of Minnesota were hunting people from Asia, and some evidence shows that people hunted and collected wild foods by 7000 B.C. These people knew how to use fire and make tools, weapons, and clothes
During the Early Paleoindian period in Iowa, there were two cultural traditions or complexes defined by their diagnostic flaked-stone projectile point/knives with distinctive manufacturing sequences. The older tradition is called the Clovis cultural complex. It lasted from about 11,500 to about 10, 800 B. P
Different point styles mark different times within the Archaic tradition. The Archaic points in the photo extend from the oldest at the left to youngest at the right. Some tools, such as scrapers, knives, modified flakes, and hammerstones, are recovered by archaeologists from Archaic sites. These tools are very similar to those found at Paleo.
The appearance of simple stone tools, widely known as Oldowan tools or the Oldowan industry, marked the beginning of our technological revolution. To our knowledge, these artifacts appeared around 2.6 million years ago in the savannahs of Eastern Africa.Today, the Oldowan is still the earliest, universally acknowledged stone tool industry
Paleo-Indians, Paleoindians or Paleo-Americans, were the first peoples who entered, and subsequently inhabited, the Americas during the final glacial episodes of the late Pleistocene period. The prefix paleo- comes from the Greek adjective palaios (παλαιός), meaning old or ancient. The term Paleo-Indians applies specifically to the lithic period in the Western Hemisphere and is. The two best-known styles of Paleoindian projectile points are called Clovis and Folsom. Both have a wide, central groove, also called a flute, which allowed them to be attached to the split end of wooden spear shafts. Clovis points, which were made early in the Paleoindian period, have been found throughout North America, most often. It is possible that large Paleoindian sites in the Southeast are permanent or semi-permanent base camps from which resources of specific territories were exploited. Trade or transportation of stone tools appear to decrease as Late Paleoindian groups relied on local materials for their needs. Other tools from this period: Unifacial Dalton Period.
Sample Introductions Undergraduate Research University
The movement of these early hunter/gatherers is generally linked to changing environmental conditions, the movement of caribou herds, and the availability of suitable lithics for stone tools. People of the Northeastern Paleoindian tradition are generally depicted as mobile hunter-gatherers Other articles where Paleo-Indian culture is discussed: Native American: Paleo-Indian cultures: Asia and North America remained connected until about 12,000 years ago. Although most of the routes used by the Paleo-Indians are difficult to investigate because they are now under water or deeply buried or have been destroyed by erosion and other geological processes
tools to suit their specific needs and to best adapt to their environments. Very different lithic traditions could serve the same purpose efficiently. For example, this study focuses on the differences between Paleoindian and Terminal Archaic lithic technologies. These two groups o The Clovis culture is a prehistoric Paleoindian Period culture, named for distinct stone tools found near Clovis, New Mexico in the 1920s and 1930s.. What is known about the Clovis people comes from the remains they left behind, including bone and ivory tools such as scrapers, drills, blades, and distinctive leaf-shaped, fluted spear points called Clovis points
Late Paleoindian Tradition in eHRAF Archaeology Human
Paleoindian tools. Because Paleoindian communities were very small and nomadic, archaeologists have found only sparse, scattered evidence of the Paleoindian people in Minnesota. Archaic Tradition (8,000 to 2,800 B.P.) Shifts in diet and settlement patterns define the transition to the Archaic Tradition. During thi
Paleoindian (14000-8000 B.C.) The Paleoindian is the time of the earliest generally accepted arrival of people in the southeastern United States - about 16000 years ago, or 14000 B.C. Although earlier migrations of people into the New World have been hypothesized, currently there is no firm evidence of people anywhere on the continental.
addition to end scrapers, bison remains are also primarily found at Paleoindian and Oneota sites. After the Paleoindian period, end scrapers are rarely found in Archaic (ca. 8,000-500 B.C.) and Woodland (ca. 500 B.C. - A.D. 1250) tradition tool assemblages (Stevenson et al. 1997; Stoltman 1997). For the Archaic and Woodland traditions
Paleoindian lithic reduction sequence, including unidirectional core production (a), followed by the creation of blades, flake tools, and simple modified flakes (b); a large bifacial preform.
e the available evidence as it relates to the temporal concept and ti
Up until the identification of pre-Clovis, the first absolutely agreed-upon culture in the Americas was a Paleoindian culture called Clovis, after the type site discovered in New Mexico in the 1920s.Sites identified as Clovis were occupied between ~13,400-12,800 calendar years ago (), and the sites reflected a fairly uniform living strategy, that of predation on now-extinct megafauna.
The transition from the Paleoindian tradition to the Archaic tradition is as striking in the Central Rio Grande Valley of New Mexico as it is anywhere in North America. In fact, the words abrupt change probably should be used instead of transition. Supporting this statement, Irwin-Williams wrote, the tool assemblage of these earliest.
Tools and Weapons - Neandertal
of organization may have been found in Paleoindian groups but there is little data on this subject. VIII. The Paleoindian Period Ends And Early Archaic Period Begins The use of fluted points ends around 10,000 years ago and some argue that this is also the end of Paleoindian cultural tradition. The mixed coniferous and deciduous forest i Paleoindian Period: 12,000-10,000 BC. The Paleoindian Period refers to a time approximately 12,000 years ago at the end of the last ice age when humans first appeared in the archeological record in North America. One of the original groups to enter what is now Canada and the United States was the Clovis culture a characteristic, Paleoindian sites have been identified throughout the Northeast. However, there are no identified Paleoindian sites in New Brunswick. It is possible that some sites are largely ignored or thought to lack a Paleoindian component if a fluted point is absent
UNM scientists document late Pleistocene/early Holocene
Paleoindian Period (13,000 To 11,000 Years Ago) Moorhead phase (between about 4200 and 3800 years). These people, and their predecessors, participated in a religious tradition commonly called Red Paint for the red ochre pigment added to their graves. Based on stone tools and the distribution of settlements, we are certain that a. interpretation of Paleoindian life ways. A failure to grasp the temporal chronology of Southeastern cultures through time continues to encourage speculative answers for the most basic of questions, including which tool-making tradition came first, if some traditions coexisted together, and how long the duration of Paleoindian occupation was
Oldowan and Acheulean Stone Tools Museum of Anthropolog
makers of the Archaic and Late Paleoindian tools of the Gorto site were contemporaries. There are several important questions that I bring forth in this text. The primary concern is why this particular assemblage is so heterogeneous, mixing as it where, stylistic elements from both Archaic and Late Paleoindian tool traditions, in varying.
In early Paleoindian times (about 12,000-13,600 years ago) small groups of Clovis and Folsom people camped at Pavo Real for short stays during which they refurbished some of their tools and weapons from the abundant supply of chert they found at the site. Clovis and Folsom are the names of archeological cultures or cultural traditions named by archeologists for their distinctive lanceolate.
Presence of Late Paleoindian and Early Archaic Peoples Upon Minong (18,000 to 3,000 BCE) Although the prehistory of Isle Royale is known to have begun over 4,000 years ago, sites dating as early as 6,000 BCE dot the surrounding Lake Superior basin. Following the retreat of the last glaciation, prehistoric hunters found ample prey among the.
J&J Hunt Submerged Archaeological Site - Wikipedi
The term Paleoindian refers to a time 13,500 years ago (11,500 BC) at the end of the last ice age when the first traces of humans appeared in the archaeological record in North America. One of the first groups to enter the New World was the Clovis culture. They encountered many species of now extinct, large terrestrial animals and hunted them with spears tipped with stone points; these.
similar to other Paleoindian groups in North America. This interpretation of the San Dieguito complex as the local extension of a post-Clovis tradition is based primarily on materials from the Harris Site (Ezell 1983, 1987; Warren 1966, 1967). 2.2.2 Archaic Perio
From c. 10,500 - c. 9,500 BCE (c. 12,500 - c. 11,500 BP), the broad-spectrum big game hunters of the great plains began to focus on a single animal species: the bison (an early cousin of the American bison).The earliest known of these bison-oriented hunting traditions is the Folsom tradition
Hand tool - Hand tool - The Mousterian flake tools: The Mousterian and related flake industries followed the Acheulean. A refinement of the prepared-core technique, termed Levallois, was developed during the middle to upper Acheulean. In this method, a core was craftily trimmed in such a manner that a skillfully applied last blow would detach a large preshaped flake directly usable as an.
Skilled flintknappers made fluted points from colorful, fine-grained rocks that were carried great distances from their sources to the sites where the tools are found. These fluted points are the hallmark of the Paleoindian tradition. 3,000-9,500 Years Ago. The Archaic Perio
Paleoindian (11,500-9,500 years before present (BP)) The first inhabitants of Maine are labeled Paleoindians. The Paleoindian tradition is widespread throughout the Americas from Alaska to Tierra del Fuego. In some parts of the Americas, Paleoindians hunted now extinct mega fauna such as Mammoth, Mastodont, and Bison antiquus. In the Northeast
First Hunters: The Paleoindian Tradition(c. 11,200 - c. 7500 B.C.) As the last of the glaciers retreated from northern Minnesota some 14,000 years ago, humans began to enter the Duluth area for the first time. These people, called Paleoindians by archaeologists, were highly mobile hunters and gatherers
semblage collected is safely assignable to Paleoindian tradition. From this assemblage, it is evident that tool manufacturing was taking place on the site. Cores and sup-plies of lithic raw material support such an assumption. The amount of lithic debris, including many large primary flakes, is another indication as is the presence of hammerstones Linking late Paleoindian stone tool technologies and populations in North, Central and South America. PLOS ONE , 2019; 14 (7): e0219812 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0219812 Cite This Page The Paleoindian and Early Archaic Southeast (Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 1996). Charles C. Jones Jr., Antiquities of the Southern Indians, Particularly of the Georgia Tribes, ed. Frank T. Schnell Jr. (Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 1999). Sharyn Kane and Richard Keeton, Beneath These Waters (Atlanta: National Park Service. This is the real thing! How the Paleoindians pecked at their stones to make images. Note the patina and edge. It is 3 inches long and 1.5 inches wide
Paleoindian settlers in the Southeast found a rapidly changing landscape. Current evidence suggests that many of extinctions of Late Pleistocene megafauna - including the horse, mastodon, and mammoth - were complete by 8500 B.C. East of the Mississippi River almost no Paleoindian tools have been found with these animals Paleoindian (11,500-9,500 years before present (BP)) The ﬁ rst inhabitants of Maine are labeled Paleoindians. The Paleoindian tradition is widespread throughout the Americas from Alaska to Tierra del Fuego. In some parts of the Americas, Paleoindians hunted now extinct mega fauna such as Mammoth, Mastodont, and Bison antiquus Not much is known about the cultural history of the Paleoindian Tradition in the United States because the Paleoindian Tradition is primarily based on a material culture. Material culture includes cultural remains, such as stone tools, ceramic pots, or ornaments that indicate the material expression of a people
Late Paleoindian/Early Archaic Period The Office of the
chronological period in the new world that follows the paleoindian period; begins at the end of the pleistocene and represents a period of cultural adaptation to the new, postglacial environment by native americans southeast asian mesolithic stone-tool tradition based on the manufacture of tools from chipped pebbles. levant. name applied to.
Paleoindian sites, Archaic sites are relatively small and sparse. 5.1.3 Woodland Tradition (2,800 B.P. to European Contact) In the Midwest region, archaeologists tend to divide the Woodland Tradition into three periods: Early, Middle, and Late. However Anfinson (1987) suggests that in Minnesota i
Save 84% off the newsstand price! When Edgar B. Howard heard that a road crew in eastern New Mexico had stumbled across a cache of big ancient bones, he dropped everything and grabbed the first.
In western North America, the Western Stemmed Tradition (WST) is contemporaneous with, but technologically different from, the Clovis Paleoindian Tradition as initially defined from the Great.
The earliest Paleoindian culture discovered in Ohio so far is the Clovis culture (9500 to 8000 B.C.). The hallmark of the Clovis culture is a type of spear point called a Clovis point. Clovis points have straight sides with no notches. Instead, they have grooves or flutes chipped into their bases Late Paleoindian Period Same criteria as the Fluted Point Tradition context, except for the presence of diagnostic lithic materials (there are none). Early and Middle Archaic Period 1. A site must contain at least one component containing stone tools, debitage, features, floral subsistence, and/or fauna
Evolution of Modern Humans: Archaic Human Cultur
Paleoindian Tradition The earliest major cultural tradition in the New World characterized by the use of well-made lanceolate projectile points and the hunting of now extinct animals such as mammoth and giant bison
Scientists document late Pleistocene/early Holocene Mesoamerican stone tool tradition. by University of New Mexico. From the perspective of Central and South America, the peopling of the New World.
Each of these traditions is briefly characterized in the following paragraphs. Evidence of the Paleoindian tradition begins with the end of the Pleistocene about 12,000 years ago. Several complexes of relatively large, well-made, bifacially chipped stone tools that share common traits over large areas characterize the tradition
omadic, moving their habitations during
gton 1957; Irwin and Wor
gton in Colorado and Ben C. McCary in Virginia in the 1940s
Prehistoric Period / Minnesota Office of the State
Buchanan's analysis will use the types and style of stone tools to define technological traditions that will be used to test hypotheses concerning the rate of migration and adaptation to regional environments and potential routes of colonization or diffusion across the continent. The Early Paleoindian occupation of North America traditionally.
from, the Clovis Paleoindian Tradition as initially deﬁned from the Great Plains and American Southwest. The foundational of studying stone tools through the use of next-generation methods of lithic analysis applied to exploring the poorly known technological details of the WST
The Clovis tool kit also included bifaces that could have been used as tools themselves or further worked into other tool types.Flakes could readily be struck from the biface and used as end scrapers, used for processing hides and other materials (view Tony Baker's detailed discussion of Paleoindian endscrapers), and gravers, spokeshaves and burins that may have been part of a wood or bone.
Archaeological evidence predating the appearance of the Clovis Paleoindian tradition (CPT) in the Americas by ~13,250 calibrated years before the present (cal yr B.P.) is found at a small number of reliably dated sites (3-13) (fig. S1).These sites share technological attributes similar to Late Upper Paleolithic (LUP) sites in northeastern Asia, including flake- and blade-based stone tool.
The Dalton period represents the transition from the Paleoindian big-game hunting tradition to the broader hunting-gathering tradition of Archaic peoples. By this time, the glaciers had retreated and most megafauna had become extinct. The Dalton point is ubiquitous in the later portion of the Paleoindian period. Read an article about Dalton sites While the Angostura style is clearly a continuation of the Paleoindian lanceolate point tradition, many archeologists today consider this style represent the onset of the Early Archaic period. Scottsbluff, a type normally thought to be most common in the Southern Plains, as well as in East Texas, is found at many sites in the South Texas Plains
The PaleoIndian period saw climatic fluctuations that brought changes in the environment of Tennessee and the extinction of the remaining Ice Age fauna such as mastodons. By 10,000 years ago the climate and vegetation had reached essentially modern conditions producing changes in the ways the native peoples lived and sought food Stash of Paleoindian Artifacts Found at 12,000-Year-Old Connecticut Site. A site has been uncovered in the American state of Connecticut, that is revealing evidence about its earliest inhabitants . Some 15,000 artifacts related to a Paleoindian community have been uncovered and they are providing an unprecedented insight into the distant past
To date, 184 flaked stone artifacts have been analyzed. These include the distinct stemmed projectile points, blades and blade cores, bifaces, and flake tools. The Gault Assemblage shares this generalized biface and blade-and-core lithic tradition with the over-lying Clovis materials but differs significantly in the following ways Paleoindian cultures appear to begin with Clovis and Folsom, dated from -11,200 to 10,900 and from -10,900 to 10,200 years before thepresent (yr B.P.), respectively, and end in the early Holocene at -8500yr B.P. (4). Early NorthAmericanPaleoindian sites contain finely chipped, fluted, bifacial spear points, other tools, and the bones ofextinc
Video: Archaic American Southwest Virtual Museu
Paleoindian Unifacial Stone Tool 'Spurs': Intended
Paleoindian campsites in central Alaska date back to 11,800 BC, which are much older than sites in the lower 48 states. This route brought the first groups into what is present-day Montana, where the oldest known human burial associated with early Paleoindian tools was discovered in 1968
In Review Paleoindian Occupations in Southeastern New York: Sites and Isolated Finds in the Wallkill/Rondout Valley. In: In the Eastern Fluted Point Tradition, Volume II, edited by Joseph A.M. Gingerich. University of Utah Press, Salt Lake City. Lothrop, Jonathan C., James W. Bradley, Susan Winchell-Sweeney, and Meredith H. Young
Early Paleoindian toolkits have superbly made artifacts of chipped stone and carved bone—projectile points, scraping and engraving tools, cutting tools known to archaeologists as spokeshaves, and toward the end of the period, axlike adzes. Stone tools, particularly early in the period, were commonly made of the highest-quality materials
central interior. In this region, Paleoindian Tradition appearedthe Northern with flaked stone technology nearly identical to tool and projectile point types common to Paleoindian cultures in the lower 48 states and Canada. The most characteristic artifacts are expertly flaked stone projectil
The Paleo End Scraper (PES) is an extremely important artifact because it is a temporal indicator, like the projectile. Dr. Frison has written that spurred end scrapers (PES) are another possible Paleoindian diagnostic . . . (1991:128). From my experience, they are second only to the projectile point as indicators of the Paleoindian tradition
The Folsom Tradition was characterised by use of Folsom points as projectile tips and activities known from kill sites where slaughter and butchering of bison took place and Folsom tools were left behind. Some kill sites exhibit evidence of up to 50 bison being killed, although the Folsom diet apparently included mountain sheep, marmots, deer.
The first recognizable archeological culture is the Plano tradition. The absence of Plano tradition artifacts from Isle Royale is attributed to the high lake levels that prevailed ca. 8,000-5,000 B.P. On the north shore of Lake Superior, Plano artifacts have been found at a number of sites, preserved in part by the effects of isostatic rebound.
Acheulean Stone Tools - Bradshaw Foundatio
Relative Time Period: The oldest unambiguous cultural tradition in the Americas, it precedes the Late Paleoindian and all subsequent traditions. Relative Time Period: The oldest unambiguous cultural tradition in the Americas, it precedes the Late Paleoindian and all subsequent traditions. Adams: The Manufacturing of Flaked Stone Tools at a.
People of the Northeastern Paleoindian tradition are generally depicted as mobile hunter-gatherers. They probably used at least two residential base camps (i.e., warm and cold season camps), logistical camps for a variety of subsistence tasks, and quarrying sites (Gramly and Funk 1990)
Mousterian Introduction Le Moustier - The Type Site UMNs Collection Intorduction The Mousterian was a lithic, or stone tool, industry dating to the Middle Paleolithic (300 - 30 ka). Mousterian artifacts have been documented in the Levant, northern Africa, parts of the Middle East, and Europe. As a lithic industry it is usually associated with Homo neanderthalensis, although it was in use by.
Dalton Projectile PointsThe Paleoindian period (approximately 15,000 to 10,500 years before the present) encompasses the era when the first people arrived in the Americas. Because there is little surviving evidence from this period, modern archaeologists have great difficulty in reconstructing what life was like for these first inhabitants. Despite careful excavation of archaeological sites.
ary Report on a Probable Paleo-Indian Cremation in Southern Ontario. Archaeology of Eastern North America 12:41-71. 1988 Early Palaeo-Indian Complexes in Southwestern Ontario
First Known Inhabitants of Massachusetts. The first people to live in North America were Paleoindians who came from Asia at least 14,000 years ago after they crossed over the Bering land bridge. They lived during the Paleoindian Period, which took place between 12,000 to 9,000 B.P
Cgss Late Paleoindian Perio
The Paleocoastal sites, dated between ~12,200 and 11,200 years ago, contain numerous stemmed projectile points and crescents associated with a variety of marine and aquatic faunal remains. At site CA-SRI-512 on Santa Rosa Island, Paleocoastal peoples used such tools to capture geese, cormorants, and other birds, along with marine mammals and. Paleoindian Period- 12,000- 8,000 B.C. 11,500 years ago the first people entered Kentucky. Archaeologists call these people the Paleoindians. The Clovis people were the very first Paleoindians. They made fluted chipped stone spear points. These flutes likely made it easier to attach the point to the shaft space. However, because few Paleoindian sites have been identified in Minnesota and even fewer have been excavated, our knowledge of this period is limited. The Paleoindian tradition is usually divided into two periods: Early (12,000-10,000 years before present [B.P.]) and Late (10,000-8,000 years B.P.).3 Early Paleoindian (12,000-10,000 years. The cave also produced projectile points from the Western Stemmed Tradition, a Paleoindian culture thought to have emerged around 11,000 B.C. Cressman's student Stephen Bedwell reported. Both oral traditions and archaeological evidence connect these groups to the Pawnee and other Caddoan-speaking relatives. But despite their desire to reclaim their western territories once conditions improved, by the fifteenth century another foraging culture had moved into the high plains region: ancestors of the Apache
III. Paleo-Indian Traditions - palomar.ed
American archeology has long been polarized over the issue of a human presence in the Western Hemisphere earlier than Clovis. As evidence of early sites across North and South America continues to emerge, stone tool assemblages appear more geographically and temporally diverse than traditionally assumed. Within this new framework, the prevailing models of Clovis origins and the peopling of the. Tools shaped by removing thin pieces of stone, chips or flakes, with a hammer. Chert and other forms of fine-grained silica-rich rock, such as chalcedony, were most often used to make chipped stone tools. Climate: The weather of a region. Culture: A culture is a particular way of life. It includes every part of life such as food preferences. Artistic representation of the Spring Lake Site during the Paleoindian time period. This bird's eye view shows the Balcones Escarpment with exposed limestone bedrock and the natural artesian springs that would have emitted fountains reaching 10 to 15 feet into the air around 13,000 years ago
The Dorset culture occupied the Canadian Arctic and parts of Greenland from approximately 500 B.C. until around 1000 A.D. Dorset appears to have been a more successful adaptation to the conditions of this region than the preceding Arctic Small Tool tradition cultures from which it developed. This is demonstrated by the huge area occupied by Dorset groups and by evidence that they had perfected. Paleoindian 9,000 -12,000 years ago . Blue River Basin Culture History River valleys have long been a focal point for same types of tools and remains, it is often im extent than during the Paleoindian tradition Paleoindian Occupations in the Great Basin: A Comparative Study of Lithic Technological Organization, Mobility, and Landscape Use relationship between its Western Fluted and Western Stemmed Tradition occupants. Little is known of the temporal, cultural, and technological behaviors of Western Fluted Paleoindian Flake Tools. Paleoindian colonists arrived in waves of immigrants entering the Neotropics, a region starting in the humid rainforests of southern Mexico before 13,000 years ago and brought with them.